Nightingale Middle School

Project 8 - Landing on Mars

Project #8 (page165-172) – Landing On Mars due 5/4

A spacecraft had reached Mars, the fourth planet in our Solar System. We are sending two robots, Spirit and Opportunity, to explore the red planet filled with rusted iron in its sandy ground. You are a scientist working for NASA’s DAM Department, Destination At Mars. Your jobs are to design and build parachutes in order to land these two robots safely on Mars without damage. Due to budget cuts, the maximum mass of each parachute and robot must be no more than 100 grams. If you have any questions, please proceed to DAM Headquarters in room 374. Good Luck!

I. Objective: To design and build parachutes with different designs using the concepts of Newton’s 2nd Law of Motion and air friction to achieve maximum resistance to gravitational force.
II. Research on different design of parachutes

III. Hypothesis
IV. Materials: 
1. Paper towels/napkins/tissues (for parachutes and cushioning)
2. String (any kind)
3. Glue/tape
4. Three hard boiled regular size eggs (may be more for replacement if your egg cracked during testing).
6. Scissor 
7. Ruler 

V. Requirements: 
1. Your must have three parachutes.
2. The total mass of each of your parachute and cargo must be no more than 100 grams.

VI. Grading:
1. To get an A your cargo must be able to land in the targeted area of about one meter squared without cracking the egg.
2. To get a B your egg cracked in the targeted area.
3. To get a B your cargo missed the targeted area (egg cracked or not). 
4. You will get a C if your parachutes didn’t work.

VII. How did you build your project? (Must have at least 5 steps)

VIII. Data

IX. Graphing


X. Results

XI. Conclusion

XII. How did you feel about this project?

XIII. Answer the following questions.
1. What is the best time of your parachutes for Spirit and Opportunity?
2. what is the mass of each of your parachute?
3. What is the maximum distance each of your parachute traveled?
4. What is the average speed of each of your parachute?
5. What is the acceleration of each of your parachute?
6. How much lifting force does each of your parachute generate approximately?